If you want your baby to be born healthy, then learn the basic principles of nutrition during pregnancy.
Pregnancy is one of the most complex and complex physiological processes. The appearance and gestation of a new life require from the woman tremendous willpower and concentration on herself, her well-being and her health. Therefore, nutrition during pregnancy, as a day regimen, and regular supervision by specialists is a necessary aspect for the development of a healthy fetus and, as a consequence, the birth of a healthy baby.
We will try to formulate the basic principles
of nutrition of pregnant women:
1) Diet should be complete, regardless of the eating habits of the expectant mother before pregnancy. The fetus needs a full range of proteins (animal and vegetable), fats and carbohydrates in sufficient quantities. You should avoid fat-free foods and foods with “empty” calories – sweet soda, factory juices, sweets, sweets, baked pastries.
It is better to get proteins due to lean types of meat, sea and ocean fish, eggs, milk and dairy products. Carbohydrates – from fresh and thermally processed vegetables and cereals, fats – from nuts, seafood, fish and olive oil. Mushrooms and legumes should be treated with caution – they digest long enough and can cause discomfort.
2) One should not neglect one’s desires and, at first glance, strange combinations of dishes – the body itself can suggest what the woman currently lacks. You should learn to listen to it, however, with some changes: candy can be replaced by fruit, store juice – freshly squeezed, a slice of white bread – whole grain, fried fast food in butter – home-cooked stew wrapped in sheet lavish.
3) Food should be safe for both the expectant mother and the fetus. It should categorically exclude all products that caused the mother to have an allergic reaction in the past or cause it during pregnancy, even if its manifestations are not pronounced. Even a few elements of the rash should cause concern and make a woman remember the cause of their occurrence. This will help questions: What did you eat the day before? Which of these has never eaten before or eaten long ago? Was there contact with household chemicals? Have you taken any drugs? You should not try products that a woman has never worked before in her life – the body’s reaction to them is difficult to predict.
4) During pregnancy, both the woman and the fetus are very vulnerable to infections and food poisoning. It is necessary to abandon altogether the products cooked in cooking, finished products purchased on the street, unwashed raw fruits and vegetables. Semi-finished products and products such as factory sausages, frankfurters, pies should also be excluded. The best option would be to prepare meat, fish, salads, etc. Here is another protein resource you must be taking Protein Powders During Pregnancy.
Food should be well cooked and cooked the day before. Pregnant women should not be allowed to eat yesterday’s salads, or first courses prepared a few days ago, even if they were over-boiled.
Milk should be consumed sterilised, pasteurised, or at least boiled, but not raw.
Eggs should be consumed hard-boiled, in the form of omelets and scrambled eggs.
5) Women prone to oedema (maybe as a secret feature or the appearance of preeclampsia) should limit the amount of salt consumed. To determine the exact number of grams of salt eaten per day is not possible. The best recommendation would be not to eat salty foods: pickles, salted fish, salted cheeses, and not to add a little salt to all other dishes. When oedema, the amount of fluid drunk per day should be about 1-1.2 litres, due to pure water.
6) Essential diet, in the second and third trimesters. Due to an enlarged abdomen, a woman may experience heartburn and bloating. To prevent these manifestations, you should eat in small portions – 150-180 g of food at a time and quite often – 5-6 times a day.
7) Changes in well-being or laboratory values also require some adjustment. For example, with toxicosis, which is accompanied by severe nausea, a lemon, orange or grapefruit can help. When iron deficiency anaemia, even mildly pronounced, should be added to the diet foods rich in iron – lean red meat, liver, fish, eggs, beans (if they are well tolerated), spinach, parsley, artichoke. All changes in the diet should be coordinated with the appropriate specialist.
The process of pregnancy is critical because the expectant mother needs to take responsibility for two at once: for herself and her unborn baby. That is why the entire period of pregnancy should be doubly more attentive to their health and well-being.